The rivers and lakes of the English Lake District contain important populations of native migratory salmon and sea trout and non migratory brown trout as well as creatures as well known as otters and others less well known but equally important such as freshwater pearl mussels and lampreys.
The goal for all our projects is to ensure that habitats are maintained to support to diversity of flora and fauna in our lakes and rivers.
The Wild Rivers Catchment are those situated in West Cumbria and include:
At the moment, WCRT are primarily undertaking project work on the River Ehen and River Irt, but intend to have projects on the other rivers as funding and staff become available.
The River Ehen is designated as a Special Area of Conservation and a Site of Special Scientific Interest for Freshwater Pearl Mussels (FWPM) and Atlantic salmon.
The Ehen supports the largest and last breeding population of FWPM in England.
WCRT, is delivering an EU Life+ funded project to safeguard the future of FWPM in Britain.
The Ehen´s source is to be found at the western end of Ennerdale Water, fed by the River Liza.
The Ehen runs west through the village of Ennerdale Bridge where it is joined by Croasdale Beck (off Banna Fell) and then on to Cleator Moor and Cleator where it is joined by the River Keekle before moving southwards through Egremont and then runs parallel to the Irish Sea which it eventually joins near the Sellafield nuclear site, at the same point as the River Calder.
The River Calder rises at Lankrigg Moss and flows through an intriguing landscape.
It runs through wild high land and the fells here have prehistoric settlements, barrows, cairns, standing stones, circles and earthworks which are still much the same as they were 2,000 – 3,000 years ago. They include several ancient burial grounds and mysterious monuments.
The river then flows under the atmospheric Monks Bridge and by the site of the ghostly Calder Abbey (founded in 1134), tucked away near the village of Calderbridge, before making its way – in a striking contrast to its early passage over the fells – through the site of the Sellafield nuclear plant, which houses the world’s first commercial nuclear reactor.
The River Calder then flows into the Irish Sea at the same departure point as the River Ehen, just south west of Sellafield.
It is amazing that the river, as old as time itself, flows through a time line from the prehistoric settlements on the high fell through the old abbey and then on to a modern day nuclear plant and into the sea.
A clear lake fed river, the Irt flows from the south western end of Wastwater, the deepest lake in England, leaving the lake at the foot of Whin Rigg, the southern peak of the dramatic Wastwater Screes.
The Irt flows through Nether Wasdale, Santon Bridge and crosses the Cumbria Coastal Way long distance footpath at Drigg Holme packhorse bridge. From there it flows through Drigg Dunes and the Irt Estuary Nature Reserve before joining the Esk and the Mite at picturesque Ravenglass.
The Irt has several tributaries including Greathall Beck, Cinderdale Beck, Black Beck, Kid Beck, and the River Bleng.
The Mite rises on Tongue Moor just below Illgill Head and tumbles down the waterfalls of Mitredale Head on its descent into the narrow and steep sided upper Miterdale Valley.
It then flows south west to Eskdale Green, to the north of Muncaster Fell and Muncaster Mill before meeting the Esk and the Irt at Ravenglass estuary. For much of its route the Mite flows parallel to the Ravenglass and Eskdale narrow gauge railway (the Laal Ratty) and one of their locomotives is named after the river. Tributaries of the Mite include Robin Gill, Black Gill, Merebeck Gill, Mere Beck and Gill Beck.
At Ravenglass its waters merge with those of the Esk and the Mite.
The River Esk rises in the Scafell range of mountains just below Esk Hause and passes the Scafell Pikes and Esk Pike. The small river then flows through wild and scenic countryside before being joined by its first major tributary, Lingcove Beck at Lingcove Bridge.
The infant river then flows southerly through England´s wildest and some of its most picturesque countryside making the leap over several waterfalls before being joined by its first major tributary Lingcove Beck at Lingcove Bridge.
Within a few miles the Esk passes Brotherilkeld Farm, which formerly belonged to the monks of Furness Abbey. At this point it is joined by Hardknott Beck and the river flows westerly through the farmland of the Eskdale Valley.
The Esk dashes onwards through Boot and Eskdale Green before joining the Irish Sea at Ravenglass.
The Esk also tends to be synonymous with the name of the late great angler Hugh Falkus who lived in Eskdale and used the river as a basis for much of his writing and filmmaking on angling and wildlife.
The river became internationally famous through Falkus´ writing and films about the fantastic runs of sea trout and salmon which it used to enjoy. Unfortunately the Esk has been ravaged in the past by acid rain run-off and this factor, allied to others, led to dramatic falls in such runs. Thankfully, though a shadow of its fomer self, the Esk is now starting to make a recovery.
The River Annas is formed on the eastern edge of Bootle Village as the Kinmont Beck and Crookley Beck drain the southwestern fells of the Lake District. The River Annas then flows southwest towards Annaside before it is diverted northwestwards to flow parallel to the Irish Sea coast for 2km before it enters the sea at Selker.
|Wastwater. Credit: Val Corbett|